How to Resolve "Memory Card Error" From Canon IXUS 130

Canon IXUS 130 is a sophisticated digital camera that has a resolution of 14.1 megapixels. The camera is inbuilt with almost all advanced features, including fully wide-angle 4x zoom lens and motion blur technology. The IXUS camera is compatible with SDHC (Secure Digital High Capacity) and SDXC (Secure Digital Extreme Capacity) cards, with storage capacity as high as 2TB.

Since the storage memory of the cards is huge, data loss from these cards is simultaneously huge. One of the main reasons for data loss from cards is corruption of these cards. In most cases, you receive an error message after your card gets corrupted. However, an updated backup allows you to overcome card corruption. It allows you to restore data. But in case of unavailability of backup, you can use recovery software to recover data from a corrupted card.

As a practical case, you view the below error message on Canon IXUS 130 while attempting to view some previously stored photos on your SDHC card:

“Memory Card Error”

Every single photo saved in the memory card becomes inaccessible after the above error message appears. In addition, no more photo can be saved on card. In short, the card can not be read or written upon.


The above error message that makes all the photos inaccessible is primarily caused due to corruption of card. Few reasons that are accountable for the above error message are virus infection, interrupted read/write operation, and human errors.


The resolution for the above error message is formatting of memory card in the camera itself. The process deletes all the previously saved data and allows you to save new data. While formatting proves a good resolution for users who do not require the old data, it becomes fatal for users, like photographers, detective agents, etc, who save critical data in their memory card. However, recovering formatted data now-a-days is an easy process. To do so, you need to use an advanced third-party Photo Recovery Software. A Image Recovery tool is readily available on the Internet by just one single click.

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Hard Drive Data Recovery – Computer Will Not Boot and You Need Your Files

It has happened to all of us. We are going about our business one morning and as we turn on the computer, a not so welcoming blue screen appears with a bunch of geek talk computer gibberish. What does this mean? Why won’t my computer turn on to the desktop like it has done for the previous 3 years? Why haven’t I backed up my files lately?

A feeling of panic enters your thoughts because you have so much information on that computer, not being able to access it anymore scares the heck out of you.

There could be many reasons why your computer will not boot up but the most important thing is that you get those files out. But what can you do? Well, there is a simple set of steps you can follow to try and get that data off the hard drive.

First you need to get the hard drive out of that computer. Make sure you follow safety precautions when opening up your computer case.

You can buy an adapter called and IDE to USB adapter which allows you to plug one end of the adapter to a hard drive, and the other end to the USB port on a computer.

Once you have the this adapter plugged in, your old hard drive should appear in “My Computer” on the new computer. Assuming this works, your hard drive will appear the same way a jump drive would appear.

The hard drive is now connected to the computer and you can either use CD or DVD burning software to extract all the needed files, or you can just drag those files into a folder on the new computer.

Sometimes this does not work and you need technical support A technical support company will have the right equipment on hand to help you out in a situation like this.

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Points to Be Noted While Buying 16GB Flash Drives & 32GB Flash Drives

Flash Drives have become the most commonly used additional data storage device in the current world. Flash drives have a better edge against floppy disk drives due to the speed, capacity of storage, portability, cost etc.

It is important to know the purpose of buying or usage of your pen drive. If you think you will be using the pen drives only for back up and storage use, then it is recommended to go for a pen drive that is less expensive. At the same time, if you seriously rely on the these drives for data for your business or corporate meetings, then it is always recommended to go for a reliable flash drive or pen drive.

Based on the storage requirement, you can either go for 16GB or 32GB flash. If you decide to store huge video files, pictures, audio files, then it is better to for 32GB drive instead of 16GB drive as you can add more files any time to a 32GB drive. The cost of the flash drive is again based on the storage capacity. So, cost is another factor that you need to keep in mind when you go to purchase the 16GB and 32GB pen drives. If you find a 32GB drive at a cheaper rate, then you must also understand that the standard of quality. A 32GB pen drive that is faster, sturdy with encryption will definitely cost you more. Most of the manufactures give life time warranty for 16GB and 32GB pen drives.

Transfer rate of data is another important factor that you need to check on 16GB and 32GB flash. Everyone would prefer for the flash drive that is much faster with no second thought. However, you must again check on the cost of these flash drives with high speed. If you have huge files like video or pictures, then you must go for high speed 16GB flash drives and 32GB. If not, you can go for nominal speed transmission rate. For example, 16GB and 32GB drives will take more than 70 seconds to transfer about 700 MB data at 10 MB per second. If you go for 16GB and 32GB drives with transfer rate of 20 MB per second, then the total time taken to copy or write 700 MB of data will be only 35 seconds. When you look at the pack of 16GB drives and 32GB, if you do not find the speed in the description area, then be rest assured that the 16GB and 32GB drives is of low speed transmission only.

16GB and 32GB Drives are also available in various wacky designs. However, these drives are expensive comparatively though they come with the same speed and quality except for the design. Another important point that I would like to inform you right here is about losing the pen drive cap. Especially in cheap pen drives, the cap tends to be slow and finally you will loose the pen drive cap. Always check with people who have already bought the flash drive or you can also read the reviews on the internet to understand and know the quality of the product.

A online marketing task by Kelvin Scotts, top digital marketing agency singapore that provides full suite singapore social media services.

Guide to Digital Forensics

Computer forensics or digital forensics is a term in computer science to obtain legal evidence found in digital media or computers storage. With digital forensic investigation, the investigator can find what happened to the digital media such as emails, hard disk, logs, computer system, and the network itself. In many case, forensic investigation can produce how the crime could happened and how we can protect ourselves against it next time.

Some reasons why we need to conduct a forensic investigation: 1. To gather evidences so that it can be used in court to solve legal cases. 2. To analyze our network strength, and to fill the security hole with patches and fixes. 3. To recover deleted files or any files in the event of hardware or software failure

In computer forensics, the most important things that need to be remembered when conducting the investigation are:

1. The original evidence must not be altered in anyways, and to do conduct the process, forensic investigator must make a bit-stream image. Bit-stream image is a bit by bit copy of the original storage medium and exact copy of the original media. The difference between a bit-stream image and normal copy of the original storage is bit-stream image is the slack space in the storage. You will not find any slack space information on a copy media.

2. All forensic processes must follow the legal laws in corresponding country where the crimes happened. Each country has different law suit in IT field. Some take IT rules very seriously, for example: United Kingdom, Australia.

3. All forensic processes can only be conducted after the investigator has the search warrant.

Forensic investigators would normally looking at the timeline of how the crimes happened in timely manner. With that, we can produce the crime scene about how, when, what and why crimes could happened. In a big company, it is suggested to create a Digital Forensic Team or First Responder Team, so that the company could still preserve the evidence until the forensic investigator come to the crime scene.

First Response rules are: 1. Under no circumstances should anyone, with the exception of Forensic Analyst, to make any attempts to recover information from any computer system or device that holds electronic information. 2. Any attempt to retrieve the data by person said in number 1, should be avoided as it could compromise the integrity of the evidence, in which became inadmissible in legal court.

Based on that rules, it has already explained the important roles of having a First Responder Team in a company. The unqualified person can only secure the perimeter so that no one can touch the crime scene until Forensic Analyst has come (This can be done by taking photo of the crime scene. They can also make notes about the scene and who were present at that time.

Steps need to be taken when a digital crimes occurred in a professional way: 1. Secure the crime scene until the forensic analyst arrive.

2. Forensic Analyst must request for the search warrant from local authorities or company’s management.

3. Forensic Analyst make take a picture of the crime scene in case of if there is no any photos has been taken.

4. If the computer is still powered on, do not turned off the computer. Instead, used a forensic tools such as Helix to get some information that can only be found when the computer is still powered on, such as data on RAM, and registries. Such tools has it’s special function as not to write anything back to the system so the integrity stay intake.

5. Once all live evidence is collected, Forensic Analyst cant turned off the computer and take harddisk back to forensic lab.

6. All the evidences must be documented, in which chain of custody is used. Chain of Custody keep records on the evidence, such as: who has the evidence for the last time.

7. Securing the evidence must be accompanied by legal officer such as police as a formality.

8. Back in the lab, Forensic Analyst take the evidence to create bit-stream image, as original evidence must not be used. Normally, Forensic Analyst will create 2-5 bit-stream image in case 1 image is corrupted. Of course Chain of Custody still used in this situation to keep records of the evidence.

9. Hash of the original evidence and bit-stream image is created. This acts as a proof that original evidence and the bit-stream image is the exact copy. So any alteration on the bit image will result in different hash, which makes the evidences found become inadmissible in court.

10. Forensic Analyst starts to find evidence in the bit-stream image by carefully looking at the corresponding location depends on what kind of crime has happened. For example: Temporary Internet Files, Slack Space, Deleted File, Steganography files.

11. Each evidence found must be hashed as well, so the integrity stay intake.

12. Forensic Analyst will create a report, normally in PDF format.

13. Forensic Analyst send the report back to the company along with fees.

A online marketing blog post by Kelvin Scotts, top marketing agency singapore that provides complete digital marketing singapore services.

How to Repair DBF Files by Using DBF Recovery Software

As a computer user you must have heard about a DBF file or some of you have used it. DBF is a database file format used by various database software programs, such as: Visual FoxPro, Clipper, dbFast, CodeBase, MultiBase, dbXL, Arago and similar database programs. A database file is a collection of data organized in a tabular form. A DBF file can be easily opened, edited and saved by any of these database programs therefore, this file format is very popular among computer users.

The most common use of a database file is to store a large amount of data and information. The file is widely used in almost every sector, such as: corporate and educational sectors to store the data and information. It has become an essential file format for an individual and an organization.

Where this file format is very useful for users on the other hand, it may create some serious problems as well. Sometimes a DBF file may become inaccessible or invalid due to corruption. DBF is not immune to corruption; in fact, this file format is prone to corruption due to its large size and complex file structure. It might be easily corrupted due to various reasons, such as: virus attacks, malfunction in database application, hard disk drive failure, software collision, unexpected cancellation of DBF, human errors and many more. These are some common reasons which can play an important role in database file corruption.

While opening a corrupt DBF file you may receive some error messages something like these:

  • “File .dbf does not exist”.
  • “The fields in table did not match the entries in the database”.
  • “Access to table disabled due to previous error”.
  • “Database file appears corrupt: Page is of wrong type.
  • “Corrupt table”/ “index header”.
  • “Filename .dbf has become corrupted”.

These are some common errors which frequently take place at the time of corruption. For example: you are working on your DBF file, everything is fine. But all of a sudden your database application (Visual FoxPro or other) starts hanging. You have no other option other than restarting the system. But when you restart your system and open the same DBF file, in which you were working earlier, it does not open or you get an error message saying the file is corrupted or damaged. This must be very frustrating situation for any user since all the hard work will go into the vain. All the data and information stored in the file might be lost forever. You have to re-create the file, which might not be possible in some cases.

In such critical state a BKF file will definitely help you. If you have backed up the database file (which is now corrupted), then you can easily restore it from the BKF file. But sometimes the BKF file may not be available or corrupted or invalid. In this situation you can use third-party DBF recovery software. This is one of the most efficient and effective solutions to fix corrupt DBF files. The DBF recovery software is designed to repair an extremely corrupted DBF file and to restore maximum data from it. It is highly capable to resolve or fix all the errors from corrupted DBF files. The software supports all popular database applications, such as: dBase III, dBase IV, dBase V, Visual FoxPro, Clipper, dBFast, CodeBase, MultiBase, dBXL and Arago. The best feature of the software is its self-describing user interface. It requires no technical knowledge or skills to use this software. Any tech savvy and a novice user can easily and comfortably use this software to repair corrupted DBF files. The DBF Recovery software is available with free demo version. Users can download the demo version before buying the full software. This helps users to examine the features and performance.

A online marketing blog post by Kelvin Scotts, top marketing agency that provides full suite social media marketing singapore services. More scope, visit here.

Everything About Data Recuperation

At some point in time, every person that possesses a computer will experience the trials and tribulations of the hard drive failing. For many years, the need to recover information that has actually been lost or ruined has made data recovery such a beneficial profession.

Occasionally, due to age or bad components, the aperture arm in the hard drive can fall short, or the plates could end up being damaged and also drop the data that they hold. If you can’t recover the info with software, you’ll need to send out the hard drive as well as have it either rebuilt or have specialists recover your data.

Data recovery is constantly a choice, from hard disks that are 2 GB in size to the largest of over 300 GB or more of information. Regardless of what size hard drive you have, the information can usually be recovered. Remember that if you’ve had a computer system crash, you should send the hard disk off to have the information recovered by professionals.

One of the crucial benefits of information recovery is the reality that details could additionally be retrieved from the recycle container. Partition recovery, and even info that has actually been lost someplace on the disk could be recovered. Although it might look like your data is gone forever – the professionals that specialize in information recovery could get it.

From Windows to Mac, everything could be recovered. There are various filing structures as well as formats, including NTFS and also FAT32.

Those of you that have numerous hard drives in your computer system, could relax assured that RAID configurations could likewise be recovered.

Anytime your hard disk crashes or malfunctions, information recovery is there to assist you to obtain back your data. Whether they are documents or crucial files that are need for your company – you can count on information recovery and recognize that you’ll get everything the back the way it was.

For lots of years, the need to recover data that has been lost or damaged has actually made information recovery such an extremely important possession.

If you can’t recover the information with a software application, you’ll need to send out the hard drive and also have it either rebuilt or have technicians recover your data.

Information recovery is the best choice, from hard drives that are 2 GB in size to the biggest of over 300 GB or more of data. Also though it might seem like your data is gone for life – the technicians that specialize in data recovery could obtain it.

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Photo Recovery for Canon Rebel T2i/EOS 550D

The File system of the Canon Rebel

Known for its professional features at amateur prices, the Canon Rebel series (Rebel T2i / EOS 550D, T1i/ 500D and XSi /450D) has received commendable feedback from both amateur and professional photographers alike. The Canon Rebel series has three storage options, as it accepts Secure Digital memory cards in the form of:

  • SD cards (up to 4G)
  • SDHC cards (High Capacity 4G to 32G)
  • SDXC cards (eXtended Capacity up to 2TG).

Why Data Corruption Happens

The high capacity memory cards, especially the new SDXC cards, have greatly improved their data retention abilities, and its becoming less and less common to lose photos from mechanical error. Now, the most common cause for mysteriously deleted or formatted photos is interruption during the data processing. This includes dropping the camera, or running out of batteries while the camera is writing to the disk. So it’s important to make sure you always keep your camera attached to your body physically, and also change your batteries as soon as the camera shows low battery life. Another good tip is to use multiple memory cards during a single photo shoot, so that if one card does get corrupted, you still have more photos on another card.

Unfortunately, if you are reading this, then (like me) your photos are already gone, and you want them back. You must be certain not to use the corrupt camera’s memory card after an error message appears, because using it will risk overwriting the previously stored files which are now corrupt. Once overwritten, the pictures really are gone forever and even the most powerful data recovery software won’t be able to help. In most of the cases, however, you should be able to retrieve most of the photos depending on how corrupt the data is. Your first option should be to try some photo recovery software to see if that can recover the lost photos, if that fails, then you may need to see a data recovery professional. I’ll take you through both options right now.

The Solution

The Canon Rebel series has the ability to store photos in JPEG and RAW formats, so you will need a software that can recover RAW as well as from SDXC and SDHC cards (if you were using them). Most professional recovery services will try this first, and will probably run Stellar Photo Recovery because they constantly update their software for compatibility with the latest camera technology. There is a PC and Mac version, to suit all users, and even though it is not a free software for the full version, you can use the free version to see how damaged your drive is. I recommend downloading the software and letting it scan your system. If Stellar has the ability to recover your photos, it will show you a thumbnail preview of the images, and then you can decide to purchase the full version. I’m aware that there are some “free” photo recovery software programs out there, but I can not recommend them because of Virus and Malware issues. If you do decide to use another software, please be cautious, as some may contain a virus.

Two other good and trustworthy programs are Odboso Photo Retrieval or wGXe Photo Recovery – try these if Stellar won’t work. Both have been tested and are highly recommended even by expert photographers.

Lastly, if none of the software solutions work, then you need to see a data recovery professional. Go to the website for Disk Doctors Data Recovery Services and follow the directions on sending in your drive for professional recovery. They may use head swap techniques or other physical solutions that should not be tried at home. And most of all, good luck and get those pictures back!

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HR Field Guide – 5 Tips to Effective Learning Management

Tip #1: Link Employee Development To Learning Delivery

Development plans help employees improve in their current role, better prepare them for a future role of interest (which is important in the context of succession planning), or both. While employee skill, competency, and behavior gaps are typically identified during the performance assessment process (or a 360 feedback process), learning delivery is the mechanism to close the gaps.

Learning for learning’s sake is an ineffective strategy. But learning to close skill, competency, and behavior gaps and therefore improve an employee’s contribution in a current role or help the employee better prepare for a future role, is something altogether different. Therefore, development and learning processes must be seamlessly linked from both a process and underlying technology perspective. Yet only 29% of organizations have actually made this connection, with another 23% planning to within one year, according to a global survey of 300 HR leaders. [Note: this survey data will be referenced throughout the report]

The impact of linking these functions is significant. In the same survey, organizations that have linked employee development and learning delivery report:

  • Improved workforce alignment to overall strategy
  • More quickly respond to changing business needs
  • Higher revenue per employee
  • Better internal talent mobility
  • Improved workforce productivity

A few key questions to consider when linking employee development to learning delivery are:

1. Are recommended courses and programs automatically presented to users within their development plans to facilitate training and coursework?

2. Is the transition between employee development planning and learning management seamless to users (e.g., same user interface, look and feel, does not give the user the impression of a disconnected process)?

3. Is systems integration effort and cost required to tie development and learning delivery together, or do all the requisite capabilities reside on a common technology platform that natively connects the functions out of the box?

Tip #2: Align Learning Activities To Business Objectives

Part of the promise of integrated talent management is improving alignment between workforce activities and overall business strategies and objectives. This alignment is typically achieved through performance management and goals. Managers and their directs establish goals as part of the performance management process and align the goals up through the organization. Alternatively, the organization cascades goals down to the workforce. In either scenario, it is often the case that employees need specific training to achieve their goals.

If employees are not provided the proper learning resources to complete goals, the impacts can be severe:

  • Poorly trained employees who cannot achieve their goals
  • The organization is unable to complete its strategic goals and objectives
  • Turnover at all levels due to frustration and inability to complete goals

Today, only 34% of organizations have linked learning and performance management to enable training as a key component of employee goal completion. An additional 31% of organizations plan to do so by 2011.

Part of the challenge in linking these functions has been technical in nature. Many organizations continue to use multiple systems (e.g., performance system, learning management system) that are not integrated. Yet as many organizations continue to gravitate toward single platform solutions that natively connect functions such as learning, performance, and goals, the technical integration challenges can be eliminated. These single platform solutions also make it much easier to report on key metrics such as the effectiveness of learning programs on performance since all of the data resides in a centralised repository. With this data in hand, HR leaders are better equipped tomonitor and continuously improve their learning processes and programs.

A few key questions to consider when aligning learning activities to business objectives are:

1. Does your current learning system enable you to dynamically link business objectives and goals with specific learning activities?

2. Does the system natively integrate learning, performance, and goals vis-à-vis a broader talent platform? If so, does it also provide a robust reporting and analytic capability that enables you to monitor and continuously improve your processes and programs?

3. Does your learning system provide capabilities to dynamically push content to users based on their goals? Can assignment rules be easily created to support this dynamic push?

Tip #3: Maintain Regulatory Compliance

Learning management systems (LMS) are an important mechanism for managing compliance and certification training within an organization. Without a central tracking repository, and no way to report globally, organizations can quickly fall out of regulatory compliance. The potential negative impacts to this are fines and work stoppages, not to mention the high overhead and costs associated with managing compliance activities and reporting in a manual fashion.

Competencies also play a key role, especially from a quality standards (e.g., ISO 9000) perspective. A rigorous competency-based training program is a key mechanism for ensuring ongoing compliance to quality standards. As such, competency management plays a critical role in learning management strategies. The system employed, whether an LMS or a broader talent management platform, must instantiate a flexible competency library as a central component that is seamlessly exposed to all other functions within the system or platform.

A few key questions to consider to maintain regulatory compliance are:

1. Can compliance-related courses be automatically assigned to new hires as a part of the on-boarding process? Can triggers and alerts be established to automatically inform employees when they need refresher training?

2. Does your current learning system provide a library of pre-defined competencies? Does it provide tools for managing competencies, including competency categories, supporting definitions, behaviors, on-the-job activities, and development opportunities? Can you easily import your existing competencies into the system?

3. Does your learning system include robust reporting and analytic capabilities to facilitate compliance reporting? Does it come with out-of-box standard reports? And is the complexity of the reporting and analytic engine abstracted so that non-technical users can run their own reports without IT intervention?

Tip #4:Track Learning Effectiveness Throughout the Organization

Within many organizations, there is no systematic way to track the impact of learning programs on organizational outcomes. These outcomes may include workforce productivity or even individual performance. In fact, only 21% of

organizations are currently measuring the impact of training on performance, with

another 34% planning on doing so by 2011. Overall learning program effectiveness fares somewhat better, with 35% of organizations currently measuring overall learning effectiveness.

  • The impacts of not tracking learning effectiveness can be significant:
  • Money spent improperly on ineffective curricula and courses
  • Employees spending time in courses that are not effective
  • Inability to distinguish between which courses are working and which are not

Part of the challenge lies in the fact that data is spread out in various silos across the organization and there is no common employee system of record. A single, fully-connected talent platform that covers the gamut of HR functions and processes, including learning, can alleviate some of the problems since the data is all in one place. And with a robust analytic and reporting function, previously unavailable insight can be gained.

By shifting to a more measurement-oriented approach to learning, organizations can realize numerous benefits:

  • Spend the right time and resources on effective courses
  • Eliminate or change ineffective courses
  • Allocate training budgets more accurately
  • Increase employee engagement (employees are not wasting time in ineffective courses)

A few key questions to consider to track learning effectiveness throughout the organization are:

1. Does your current learning system leverage a robust and industry standard analytics engine which provides interactive graphical displays of all data?

2. Does the system abstract the complexity out of the analytics engine so that non-technical users can conduct their own analyzes via an intuitive, web-based interface?

3. Are you able to conduct reporting and analysis across modules? For example, can you easily glean insight into more strategic metrics such as the impact of training on performance?

4. Does the analytics system reduce administrative overhead by leveraging the same comprehensive security access rights and rules as the learning system so that security policies only have to be established once?

Tip #5: Create Seamless On-Boarding Plans for Employees

An effective new hire orientation and on-boarding program is essential to ensuring the long-term success of new employees. Yet employees – and their managers in many cases – often find it difficult to know which training courses to take, especially if development planning is not a part of the on-boarding process. As a result, a lot of time and frustration can occur early in a new employee’s career within the organization, which can lead to an early engagement deficit or even increased turnover.

Today, only 32% of organizations have linked learning with hiring and on-boarding to facilitate automatic scheduling of courses for new hires. Fully 46% of organizations have no plans to link the processes at all. To fully understand the impact of integrated learning and hiring/on-boarding, a global survey of HR leaders reveals that organizations that have explicitly made the linkage report:

  • Improved workforce alignment to overall strategy
  • Better internal talent mobility
  • Decreased voluntary turnover
  • Faster on-boarding (time-to-productivity)
  • Improved workforce productivity

This data reinforces the importance of integrating disparate talent functions, and the role that single platform HR solutions can play in facilitating the integration. Single platform solutions also make it much easier to report on and analyze key cross-functional metrics such as on-boarding effectiveness.

A few key questions to consider to create seamless on-boarding plans for employees are:

1. Can courses and curricula be automatically assigned to new hires as a part of the on-boarding process? This is especially important for compliance.

2. Do new hires have transparent visibility into their on-boarding plans, including learning and training activities, so that expectations are aligned from the start?

3. Does your current learning system have the capability to measure the impact of learning programs on hiring and on-boarding effectiveness (e.g., time-to-productivity, voluntary turnover, new hire engagement)?


To get the most out of your learning management investments, linking and aligning seemingly disparate HR and talent functions is essential. Learning, development, performance and goals, and hiring and on-boarding. All must come together seamlessly to fully realize the benefits of a learning-driven culture. Single platform solutions that natively connect all of these functions facilitate the linkages, and also provide the mechanism to measure, analyze, and relate deep analytic views across functions.

To summarize the top five tips to effective learning management:

1. Link Employee Development to Learning Delivery

2. Align Learning Activities to Business Objectives

3. Maintain Regulatory Compliance

4. Track Learning Effectiveness Throughout the Organization

5. Create Seamless On-Boarding Plans for Employees

A digital marketing blog post by Kelvin Scotts, best singapore digital agency that provides complete social media singapore services.

Protect Your Computer – Facts About Hard Disk Problems

Although low hard disk quality can lead to bad tracks, you should be aware that the most problems are produced by being used improperly. So in order to protect your hard disk as well as computer, I would like to tell you the facts about hard disk problems and bad tracks in particular.

It can categorize into two kinds: logical and physical. Put in simple way, logical one is produced by using certain software or disk improperly while physical bad track is due to problem of magnetic media of hard disk itself. As a matter of fact, to fix the former is much easier to fix than the latter one. If you find your disk is troubled with following problems, it is necessity for you to check whether there is bad track in the disks.

As a matter of fact, your system is not affected by any virus but cannot startup normally and come up with some prompts like “Sector not found” or “General error in reading drive C”. Every time you start up system, it will run Scan disk program to scan disk errors. The normal running sound has changed into weird creaking. Or when formatting hard disk, it stops at certain schedule and then report errors that it cannot finish the whole task. If you perform “FDISK” to disks, it repeats at certain schedule. What is worse, the computer might fall into blue screen without any wrong operation.

As it is extremely rigorous requirement for interior working environment in the disk, any tiny dust can result in irreversible damages. Therefore, if there is any problem in the disk, you cannot fix the problems by taking apart the disks but can turn to other specific tools to help you so as to minimize the loss. After confirming the bad tracks in the disks, you are not still sure whether they belong to logical or physical. So, you have to fix disk errors from simple to complex means. The common logical problems can be solved by using Windows program or others. But as for physical ones, you need further repair to guarantee the safety of hard disk data and normal usage.

Shield physical bad tracks

If bad track still exits after low-level formatting, it is no doubt that there are physical bad ones on it. Such problem is produced usually by furious impinge or abrupt power-off during using hard disk and disk head may likely collide with disk when it is tail-wagging. Even though you use disk checking program to mark those ones so as to forbid operating system visiting this sector, the physical ones can extend after a period of time. That is to say, although you have marked bad ones, hard disk is likely to visit the sectors closed to bad tracks which can deteriorate the situation. In order to avoid such problem, you had better shield bad tracks into an unused partition.

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How to Troubleshoot Outllib dll File Corruption in Microsoft Outlook

Microsoft Outlook is made up of a number of application files that include library and DLL (Dynamic Link Library) files. On such file is Outllib.dll. It is a significant component of Microsoft Outlook and is managed by the Windows Registry. When this file goes missing or gets damaged, Outlook may not start and you can not access data from your PST file. This behavior cause critical data loss situations and you need PST Recovery to sort out the problem.

When this file gets damaged or does now function properly, you might come across the below error message:

OUTLOOK caused an invalid page fault in module OUTLLIB.DLL at

When you see the application log of Microsoft Outlook, you might find the following entries in it:

Faulting application outlook.exe, version 11.0.6353.0, stamp 408f2937,

faulting module outllib.dll, version 11.0.6359.0, stamp 40c8adfd,

debug? 0, fault address 0x00074db7.”

After this error message, Microsoft Outlook does not open and you can not access data from it. This behavior may lead to PST file corruption and eventually cause data loss. At this point, you need to find out the cause of this issue and carry out Outlook PST Recovery by sorting it out.

Root of the issue

As stated in above error message and the Event Log, this problem occurs due to corruption to either Outllib.dll or Outlook.exe file. Corruption might occur because of virus infection, application malfunction, improper system shut down and other such reasons.


There is a number of techniques or methods that you could use as troubleshooting methods to fix this issue. These procedures are as discussed below:

  1. If your MS Outlook application is installed in IMO (Internet Mail Only) mode, then Outlook would not function properly until you have complete and proper installation of Microsoft Outlook Express. Thus, you need to ensure that your MS Outlook Express is working appropriately.

  2. Incompatible or Invalid extension information could also cause such situations. Thus, you should try replacing the Extend.dat file. If you manage to start Outlook properly, uncheck the suspected add-ins.

  3. Try restarting Microsoft Outlook in Safe Mode.

  4. Create new Outlook profile and PST file. If you are using Outlook in IMO mode, then you will have to created IMO profile.

  5. Reinstall Microsoft Outlook or complete MS Office Suite. Here you should remove application and rename Outllib.dll file and reinstall MS Outlook.

After you carry out above solutions, you would find out that the related error messages has stopped occurring, but at the same time you may also discover that the PST file has got damaged and it become completely unusable. The issue may occur during re installation of MS Outlook or the damaged file affect Outlook library files.

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